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Linux Basic Commands For Beginners

Linux Basic Commands For Beginners

In this tutorial we will see some Linux Basic Commands For Beginners covering the basic knowledge.

Commands with output

  • How To Display The Calendar Of The Current Month Of The Current Year ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ cal
      May 2017        
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa  
    1  2  3  4  5  6  
 7  8  9 10 11 12 13  
14 15 16 17 18 19 20  
21 22 23 24 25 26 27  
28 29 30 31 

This command will display the current month of the current year.

 

Similarly in Linux, every single commands has its different parameters. Let us see the the commands and its parameter.

  • How To Display The Calendar Of The Year 2007 ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ cal 2007

This command will display all the months of the year 2007 with the dates.

 

  • How To Display The Calendar Of The Month July Of The Year 1998 ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ cal 07 1998 
     July 1998        
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa  
          1  2  3  4  
 5  6  7  8  9 10 11  
12 13 14 15 16 17 18  
19 20 21 22 23 24 25  
26 27 28 29 30 31
  • How To Display Today’s Date ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date
Mon May 29 13:20:33 UTC 2017
  • How To Display Date As mm/dd/yy ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%D 
05/29/17
  • How To Display Current Hour, minutes, seconds Individually ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%H 
13
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%M 
24
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%S 
45
  • How To Display Time In Hours, Minutes & Seconds As HH:MM:SS ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%T 
13:25:58
  • How To Display Day Of The Week ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%A
Monday
  • How To Display Abbreviated Weekday ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%a
Mon
  • How To Display Abbreviated Current Month ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%h
May
  • How To Display Time In AM/PM Notation ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%r
01:30:30 PM
  • How To Display Last Two Digit Of The Year ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%y
17
  • How To Display The Date And Time On Two Different Lines ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ date +%D%n%T
05/29/17
13:32:31
  • How To Calculate The Number Using (bash claculator) ‘bc’ Command ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ bc -q
123+4
127
123*2
246
12/2
6
quit

For exiting the bash calculator just type quit to exit.

 

  • How To Display All The User Currently Logged In The System ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ who
ubuntu   tty7         2017-05-29 12:54 (:0)
  • How To Display All The User Currently Logged In The System With Heading ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ who -H
NAME     LINE         TIME             COMMENT
ubuntu   tty7         2017-05-29 12:54 (:0)
  • How To Display The Terminal File Of The Current Terminal ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ tty
/dev/pts/1
  • How To Display The Message On The Terminal As ‘ Hello World ‘ ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ echo "hello hackers!"
hello hackers!
  • How To Create An Empty File With Filename ??
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ touch demo1 demo2 demo3

It will creates the 3 file with default access permission.

  • How To Create File And Enter Data In It ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ cat > demo4
hello hakers !
You cant hack this system :)

For Exiting the file pressctrl+d

  • How To Make The Directory With The Directory_Name ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ mkdir my_files  
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ ls
demo4  Desktop    Downloads  my_files  Public     Videos
demo5  Documents  Music      Pictures  Templates

where $ ls command will list down all the files and directory in the current directory.

  • How To Copy The Files To The Directory ?
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ cp demo4  demo5  my_files 
About This Author

Hi This Is Rehmaanali. Blogging Is Just A Hobby. Graduate In Bsc Computer Science

2 Comments

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  • man command for displaying the description and the paramerters of the command
    $ man
    $ man ls
    LS(1) User Commands LS(1)

    NAME
    ls – list directory contents

    SYNOPSIS
    ls [OPTION]… [FILE]…

    DESCRIPTION
    List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default).
    Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor –sort is speci‐
    fied.

    Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options
    too.

    -a, –all
    do not ignore entries starting with .

    -A, –almost-all
    do not list implied . and ..

    –author
    And to quit press q

    sahil karneri 1 month ago Reply


  • #Some more commands
    $ top # For displaying linux processes

    sahil karneri 1 month ago Reply


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